9th - 11th April 2024
Bergamo, Italy

Held under the
patronage of

Ministero Ambiente Sicurezza Energetica
Regione Lombardia-header
9th - 11th April 2024
Bergamo, Italy

Theatre Zone Agenda

The Exhibitor Showcase is held in the Theatre Zone, located inside the Exhibition Hall, where eligible companies can showcase their products and run dedicated workshops about their technologies and know-how.

The single activities are promoted on the WME website, newsletters and social networks.

Companies and Universities


Theatre Zone Events

Day 1 – Tuesday 9th April 2024

This speech addresses the challenges of modern flue gas cleaning, focusing on innovative solutions for dealing with corrosive environments, essential for maximizing the utilization of waste heat and preparing for ideal CO2 capture. It highlights the use of PPS-GR, a graphite compound, in heat exchangers, showcasing its stability, durability, and efficiency through various projects in the waste to energy industry.


The Italian consortium developing and leading the LIFE ReWo project tries to find alternative and more sustainable management pathways for mineral wool waste.

This type of waste is currently classified as hazardous and thus can only be managed in authorized landfills for final storage. The project team introduces an innovative sustainable and local recycling process to manage hazardous mineral wool.

LIFE ReWo will provide a new End of Waste transformation process based on the thermal inertization of mineral wool waste and recycling of the inert secondary raw material obtained, namely ReWo, to produce new high-value products in a variety of industry sectors.


In recent years, sustainability has become a very important factor for the products and processes development. However, currently through the standardized LCA methodology (Life Cycle Assessment) it is only possible to evaluate the impacts of products and processes currently on the market or ready for the commercialization. There is a need to overcome this limit, introducing the concept of systematic innovation and technology transfer within LCA analyses. All this can be possible by integrating the classic inventory definition methods and approaches with a prospective vision of the product and process inventory. By extrapolating information on possible future technologies from patents, it is possible to know in advance what the impacts of future products and processes will be.


Eco-design to support additive manufacturing is a complex problem due to the relationships between powders, laser technology and lightweight design.

The choice of the production process is fundamental due to the impacts of the atomizer, as is the dosage between the virgin powders (obtained from the atomization of the mineral), the recycled ones (from the atomization of the scrap) and the reused ones (recovered from previous prints). At the same time, lightweight design is also a key to sustainability, but its use must be considered based on the type of powder.

The intervention aims to shed light on eco-design for additive manufacturing, addressing the problem of complexity at a theoretical and practical level. Parametric models, industrial applications, use of software will be analyzed from this perspective.


We present a dual-purpose system to purify exhaust fumes and recover airborne substances without adding water or chemical additives. This technology favors the condensation of vapors, obtaining a liquid aerosol and a liquid film on cold surfaces. The unit can be closed-loop and adaptable to existing production equipment. A high-efficiency cyclone collects the condensed aerosol in the airstream.


The overarching objective of the EcoeFISHent Project is to establish a demonstrable and replicable cluster, strategically implementing systemic solutions within multilevel circular value chains. This comprehensive approach is centered around the eco-efficient valorization of side streams from the fishing and fish industries, contributing to sustainability and fostering innovation in the process. By creating a model that showcases the effectiveness of these strategies, the project seeks not only to address immediate challenges but also to inspire widespread adoption of environmentally conscious practices across the industry.


The speech will illustrate the main analytical methodologies normally used for the research of asbestos fibers and for the classification of Man-made vitreous fibers (MMVF): from polarized light optical microscopy (MOLP) to scanning electron microscopy (SEM), from Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR) to X-ray diffractometry (XRD). The requirements that public and private laboratories must possess to carry out analytical activities on Asbestos will also be illustrated.


As the world population grows and resources become gradually scarce, a range of cleaner technologies offers a more environmentally eco-friendly and sustainable ways to manage waste. Despite the progressive reduction of the waste the waste-to-energy plants will continue to play a crucial role in waste management, and this will surely lead to always more efficient technology to reduce the pollutants. The experience says that combustion control and real-time monitoring of the process gas before and after each abatement system allows for proactive corrective actions significantly reducing reagents consumption. Discover how the sensor technology choice is critical and can affect significantly the result and increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the pollutant abatement.


The rise of electric mobility is giving rise to a significant battery waste challenge, projected to reach 9 million tons per year by 2040. In response to this issue, projects like REBELION focus on the reutilization of electric batteries, addressing technical complexities through circular schemes, fast testing, and autonomous disassembly systems. Concurrently, the FREE4LIB project aims to innovate the recycling of end-of-life automotive batteries, developing sustainable technologies for materials recovery. In the realm of electronic waste management, the GRINNER project seeks to prevent costly and damaging fires caused by batteries, employing an autonomous AI-based system for effective detection and removal from waste streams.


Artificial intelligence (AI) serves as a crucial ally in waste treatment plant management, offering capabilities such as transport planning automation, material recognition, and predictive maintenance.

The effectiveness of AI hinges on the availability of high-quality data, though, which must be authentic, up-to-date, and well-structured. With the emergence of Industry 4.0, the acquisition of such data has been streamlined through automation systems. However, mere data collection is not sufficient to ensure meaningful outcomes. It is imperative to align data with plant processes by establishing frameworks like data lakes and digital twins—databases and digital replicas of the plant that cater to specific applications.

In this talk, we will delve into the fundamental aspects of data collection and structuring using real-life scenarios as examples, examining their impact on efficiency enhancement, communication improvement, cost reduction, and the promotion of safety and optimal working conditions. Additionally, we will explore practical applications of AI in waste management. The talk targets managers and supervisors in production, plant, or operational roles, offering insights on how to optimize operations to achieve the aforementioned benefits.

And rest assured, all participants will discover the intriguing connection between tenches and AI. I look forward to our engaging session!


The regulatory context will be explored in depth; the data from the Alliance of Italian Cooperatives regarding the national textile waste supply chain, social and environmental responsibility, the challenges and opportunities of this sector will be explained.


Let's explore the synergy between sustainability and technology with GREEEN solutions. We showcase how our cutting-edge approach to waste management not only enhances operational efficiency but also promotes sustainable practices through digital innovation. From collection to advanced management, through innovative hardware and software, you will discover how we can contribute to making the entire process more efficient and sustainable.

Day 2 – Wednesday 10th April 2024

Working with the engine off is a substantial part of a rational 𝐑𝐄-𝐄𝐕𝐎𝐋𝐔𝐓𝐈𝐎𝐍 for 𝗰𝗶𝘁𝗶𝗲𝘀.
In congested places, nothing is faster, more efficient, more performant, more economical, than operating from a standstill.
A model with which opportunities are created to manage multiple public interest services.


The environmental impact of industrial sites such as refineries, production sites, purification plants and MSW landfills has long since become a non-negligible problem. The pressing need to curb climate-changing emissions puts both research centers and stakeholders in the position of having to implement increasingly innovative methods and tools that support the control, monitoring and quantification of emissions. This work describes the result of the research activity started in 2019 and still in full swing, through which the project team has structured innovative methods for monitoring pollutant emissions in airborne matrix, using UAV- based platforms. Specifically, the work describes two different lines of approach, the first aimed at measuring methane concentrations in airborne matrix, mainly dedicated to diffuse biogas emissions in MSW landfills. The second type of activity, on the other hand, is aimed at industrial sites of various kinds and is based on the measurement of the concentrations of specific pollutants, always in an aerosol matrix, such as fine dust, by means of a multi-tool sensor equipped on a drone. These protocols base their functionality both on the incessant research aimed at miniaturizing the sensors and making them more and more efficient and scalable in concert with the flexibility of the platforms and with the incessant research aimed at the knowledge of the phenomena to be observed. In fact, given the innovativeness of the method and noting the almost total absence of consolidated experiences from which to draw certain bases, the greatest effort has been made in the study first of all of the emission phenomenon to be observed and equally important in the interaction between the emission phenomenon, intervention ecosystem and relevant technology. Further effort in terms of research and implementation has been put into identifying the correct workflow of processing, analysis and interpretation of the datasets produced, not deriving from classic and consolidated methods, therefore with proven interpretations, but rather the result of innovative methods that therefore require specific skills of interpretation and enhancement of the data.


Products global demand constantly grows, along with drifts of the volume of waste produced, thus having a negative impact on the environment. Besides the advancement of artificial intelligence and cutting-edge sensing and actuation systems, allow for traditional recycling procedures to be digitised and become more efficient. Among these, automated sorting machines allow such efficacy, by using multiple recognition technologies to categorise items, instead of relying on humans to separate them. In this sense, a new approach being included in the Cyber-Physical Sorting System (CPSS) capable to be adapted in different industries such as urban wastes, construction & demolition wastes as well as mineral sorting will be analysed. The materials are laid out over a conveyor belt, where multi-purpose visual sensors (hyper-spectral, industrial and short-wave infrared) acquire images in order to classify and sort them in different bins using robotic arms. The adaptable sorting systems is coupled with Augmented Reality techniques in order to assist unskilled human operators to achieve recycling and dismantling tasks, following the relevant valorisation changes.


The amount of WEEE produced globally is increasing of almost 2 million tonnes per year. It is estimated that the nearly 60 million tonnes recorded in 2022 will become 75 by 2030. This waste is a real urban mine, and it is every day more urgent to find circular economy solutions for its proper treatment. Osai GreenTech has thus designed and built RE4M - Recycling for Manufacturing, a plant born from the experience gained by OSAI within the European project ADIR, capable of extracting and selecting electronic components in a fully automated way, intended for the recovery of precious metals and critical materials. In addition, the Parent Company OSAI A.S. Sp.A. Società Benefit is taking part in the consortium led by Erion in the New-Re Project, for the realisation of a semi-automated dismantling system of permanent magnets and PCBs contained in end-of-life hard disks.


We wish to share with you our vision of a positive environmental impact, respecting those who may be skeptical about what we define as a natural process, 'composting,' which typically takes 90 days but demonstrates the transformation from waste to soil in less than 20 minutes and within 24/48 hours. During our presentation, you will be able to observe this process through a device at the venue's self-promotion area. We will introduce the waste first and then verify the produced soil after 20 minutes. We aim to demonstrate that anything is possible in nature!

All our mini plants are designed with exceptional performance, handling large quantities of waste in small spaces, both indoors and under a roof. They are not dryers, do not use high temperatures, do not require consumables, do not use structurants, and do not emit liquids, smoke, gas, or odors. The technology we use is unique and unparalleled, offering true eco-sustainability and circular economy.

The main advantages of our plants include:

  • 90% reduction in weight and volume of disposed waste.
  • The remaining 10% residue is turned into fertilizing soil.
  • The transformation process is completed in just 24/48 hours.

We call organic waste a 'precious resource' and are committed to ensuring it is not considered 'waste.' Self-composting and composting on a small, medium, and large scale. Organic waste is a Resource, don't call it 'Waste'!"


ReMade@ARI is set to become Europe's leading initiative for developing new materials aimed at advancing the circular economy across various sectors. Boasting top-tier analytical facilities, instrumentation, and the expertise for advanced material characterization, this project promises to transform ideas into impactful contributions to the circular economy. Funded by the EU Commission's Horizon Europe programme and co-funded by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) and the Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research, and Innovation, ReMade@ARI targets a wide range of sectors, including electronics, batteries, vehicles, construction, packaging, plastics, textiles, and food, aiming to achieve unprecedented advancements in sustainable material development.


Gesteco S.p.A. was founded in a world where sustainability had not yet the meaning and importance attributed to it today. For almost forty years, the company has been designing and developing integrated solutions for the environment, ensuring professionalism focused on respect for people, territory and effectiveness of results.

By building up the Beeability team, Gesteco also achieved a distinctive specialization in corporate sustainability services, with a particular attention to circularity.

The target is to go deep into LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) analysis, an analytical methodology used to evaluate the environmental impact of products, processes or services throughout their life cycle. More specifically, the analysis will consider the role and potential of LCA in the proper management of waste.


LOD Srl is a testing laboratory accredited by ACCREDIA (accr. no. 1744) for olfactory sensory tests and a spin-off of the University of Udine.

These analyses are crucial for the verification of the correct odorization and odorability degree for fuel gases and are mandatory for the introduction of biomethane into the grid, according to UNI/TR 11537:2019: this TR puts the onus on the producer of biomethane to verify its compliance the quality requirements for correct odorization, identifying rinoanalysis as the reference analytical methodology.

This activity is conducted within a specifically designed test chamber, and through specially trained panelists.


Landfill operators involved in biogas management are well aware that converting landfill gas to biomethane is a major challenge. The combination of different gas treatment technologies, through the patented WAGABOX® system, gives high flexibility for upgrading a wide range of biogas compositions and flow rates. This flexibility is a key factor in simultaneously ensuring high-quality biomethane production, high unit availability, and high and stable throughput in the face of widely varying biogas quality inputs. The potential of the WAGABOX® system in enabling landfill operators to maximize biogas capture is demonstrated, and the characteristics of this technology as a reliable solution for turning landfill gas into biomethane are highlighted.


Ogni Comunità oggi può adottare soluzioni innovative per raggiungere l’indipendenza energetica e trasformarsi in “Comunità Energetica avanzata ed inclusiva”. Lo può fare con tecnologie efficienti, finalmente a dimensione adeguata.

L’ing. Baudino dimostrerà la tesi che sole, vento, acqua, geotermico fungono solo da corollario agli scarti organici "fisiologici", i quali rappresentano le basi essenziali per creare sistemi evoluti inclusivi capaci di produrre energia pulita, abbondante, di facile approvvigionamento, pronto uso e subito disponibile… tutto per creare la sovranità sancita dalla nostra Costituzione e l’indipendenza dalle fonti esterne, lontane e ormai difficili da reperire, in questo clima di tensione mondiale.

Gli scarti organici “fisiologici” presenti in ogni comunità viva, sono ancora definiti “rifiuti”, sebbene piuttosto siano opportunità da non perdere, risorse quindi di energia e produzione di concimi biologici che insieme consentono reddito, indipendenza e sovranità.

Questo “asserto” porta alla creazione di Comunità Energetiche non solo Rinnovabili (CER), ma soprattutto socialmente attive e contributive nella “alimentazione” degli impianti. Alle figure dei “Prosumers e dei Consumers” si aggiunge pertanto la più importante figura dei “Feeders”, ovvero tutti i cittadini stessi della Comunità semplicemente viva e produttrice di scarti organici fisiologici DA UTILIZZARE nella Comunità come giacimento locale e creatore di reddito locale!

Baudino approfondirà e illustrerà casi specifici ripetibili in ogni Comunità che produce “organico” all’interno della quale Future Power propone impianti ad alta efficienza provenienti dalla ricerca scientifica, collaudo e applicazione tecnologica impostata con successo in Svizzera, oggi sviluppatasi in Italia con componentistica di sola produzione Italiana e pronta a “dire la sua”.

Sono Impianti al servizio delle Comunità e dei Territori, quindi, dedicati al rispetto dell’ambiente e allo studio di fonti di approvvigionamento, esclusivamente di scarto, da cui trarre energia pulita e fertilizzanti biologici in modo, equo, etico ed economicamente valido.

Una soluzione in controtendenza che forse è proprio quella cercata perché capace di creare le condizioni per sviluppare una nuova economia di reddito locale, lavoro buono, prosperità sociale e, non ultimo, rispetto per l’ambiente. Una nuova economia diffusa e prospera Comunità (energetica) per Comunità (energetica), oggi finalmente possibili in virtù del Decreto del 24 gennaio 2024.

L’impianto "a solido" (Patent) ad alta efficienza di Future Power si basa sul processo di fermentazione a maggior efficienza, controllata e spinta in ambiente anaerobico degli scarti organici sempre disponibili e adatti alla estrazione del metano, normalmente emesso durante la decomposizione naturale.

In relazione a questo presupposto, l’intervento sarà orientato alla trasmissione, in sintesi, di informazioni tecnico pratiche e quindi di materiale informativo/formativo a seguito dell’iniziativa di formazione legata alla Organizzazione Maggioli Editore, www.maggioli.com di cui Baudino è docente.


Agricultural processing often generates substantial amounts of waste, posing significant disposal challenges. However, with the advent of legislation promoting sustainable waste management practices across the European Union, there's been a shift towards reusing and recycling agroindustrial residues. This presentation explores innovative chemical and biotechnological processes aimed at extracting high-value compounds from these residues, such as phenolic antioxidants and carotenoids, found abundantly in by-products like tomato waste, artichoke remnants, bilberry waste, olive pomace, and coffee grounds. Through these processes, we not only mitigate environmental impact but also harness valuable resources for the development of functional foods with enhanced antioxidant properties, thus contributing to both environmental sustainability and consumer health.


Italy is a country poor in raw materials, but it has volcano-sedimentary rock deposits that supply the needs of the floriculture, technical green and construction sectors. However, mining activities produce scraps of pumice and lapillus with a diameter of less than 3 mm, which are stored in the mining area in quantities exceeding 350,000 m3 and find little commercialization.

With a view to the circular economy, the aforementioned geomaterials, and particularly their scraps, have been used to obtain products belonging to the following sectors:

  1. traditional ceramics
  2. cementitious materials
  3. green infrastructure.

A sustainable building was designed in terms of tiles, concrete parts, green roofs and roof gardens based on recovered raw materials mixed with domestic natural raw materials. In this study, pumice scraps and/or lapillus from 5 to 30% by weight were successfully introduced into the formulation of ceramic tiles and cement mixtures, as well as fertilizers. The benefit obtained is in terms of reducing the use of virgin raw materials and increasing the use of secondary raw materials, controlling CO2 emissions, saving energy, creating green infrastructure (green roofs, vertical forests) for cooling and ornamental purposes, and in the direction of biophilic design.

Acknowledgements. The authors thank CERAMICHE CCV CASTELVETRO SPA (Technical Direction: Eng. Pier Paolo Benassi) and CISMONDI COMMERCIALE S.R.L. (Dr. Luigi Cismondi).

Day 3 – Thursday 11th April 2024

This SPOKE initiative focuses on envisioning a groundbreaking factory concept that is yet to be realised—an innovative facility that is zero-waste, pollution-free, energy-neutral, closed-loop, nature-centric, human-centred, socially-conscious, inclusive, completely safe, self-sustaining, and self-regenerative. This novel factory concept aims to propel the Made in Italy brand into the realm of Urban Factories and potentially extend its reach to Factories in Space!

The SPOKE Objectives are:

  • Technologies, the resources, the archetypes for designing – and executing – the Circular and Sustainable Factory of the future– based on new regenerative natural-based AM systems in which the asset lifecycle is systematically closed– to allow maximum resource reuse and rational energy use.
  • Implement laboratories and Proof-of-Concepts for evaluating and transferring to industry the achievable solutions for the Circular and Sustainable Factory of the future.

This meeting presents a chance to gain insights into the research endeavours conducted by this SPOKE.


HyperSPectral based sensing Architectures for resourCE circularity (H-SPACE) project to advance sustainable recycling practices
Giuseppe Bonifazi, Idiano D’Adamo, Roberta Palmieri, Silvia Serranti, Nicola Aversano, Riccardo Cambertoni, Lucia Grizzaffi, Simone Antonia, Elia Sindoni


Physic-mechanical pre-treatments to recycle lithium iron phosphate cathodes
Martina Bruno, Silvia Fiore


Metals recovery from exhausted batteries: a new technology based on microwaves.
Alessandra Zanoletti, Antonella Cornelio, Elisa Galli, Matteo Scaglia, Alessandro Bonometti, Ivano Alessandri and Elza Bontempi


Understanding Electromagnetic Field interaction with Graphite powder.
Matteo Scaglia, Riccardo Torchio, Alessandro Bonometti, Antonella Cornelio, Alessandra Zanoletti, Giulio Poggiana, Matteo Zorzetto, Elza Bontempi


Sustainable extraction of CRMs from Industrial LCO+NCM black mass
Alberto Mannu, Maria Enrica Di Pietro, Pablo Almendras Flores, Andrea Mele


Recovery of cobalt, manganese and nickel from end-of-life batteries after microwave-enhanced pre-treatment
Martina Bruno, Silvia Fiore


Separation of Aerosols by Localized Vapor Condensation
Paolo Tronville, Muhammad Wasiq Riaz, Vincenzo Gentile


Preliminary Methodological Approach for Assessing the Recovery Potential of Critical Raw Materials from Mining Waste in Italy.
Gabriele Baldassarre, Adriano Fiorucci and Paola Marini


F&T Circular Supply Chains
Margherita Pero, Giorgio Burini, Jinou Xu, Federica Acerbi


Project 5.09 progress report
Elena Beducci, Anna de Carolis, Marco Taisch


Assessing the circularity performances of manufacturing systems
Federica Acerbi


BIOMET: a technique for the production of Direct Reduction Iron (DRI) by biochar
Gianluca Dall’Osto, Carlo Mapelli, Davide Mombelli, Joao Teixeira Oliveira De Menezes


Ecosystem and modularisation as enablers of circular economy in CoPS
Valeriia Skliarenko, Dr. Jacopo Manotti, Prof. Giorgio Locatelli


Enhancing the Industrial Efficiency of Aluminum Alloy Chips Recycling via Friction Stir Extrusion: The Thin Wire Production Procedure
Davide Campanella, Gianluca Buffa, Sajjad Emami, Muhammad Adnan and Livan Fratini


Circular Economy Sustainable Manufacturing Initiative CESMA
Chiara Grosso, Silvia Colabianchi, Francesco Costantino, Fabio Nonino


FasT4C: Fashion-Tech Design for Circularity
Daria Casciani


A Multi-Step Approach Towards Sustainable Textile Production: Minimizing Waste and Microfiber Release throughout the Manufacturing Process
Sinem Hazal Akyıldız, Rossana Bellopede and Paola Marini


Waste to Wastewater Treatment: Sustainable Remediation from Dyes and Metals using Mono-Combusted Sewage Ash
Praveena Pachaiappan, Mattia Massa, Tatsiana Reishal, Carlo Punta, Elza Bontempi, Andrea D’Anna, Marco Blazina


Microwave treatment to recover waste
Sonia Calce, Mattia Massa, Elza Bontempi


9:00 - 9:15 Welcome coffee

9:15 Introduzione (Elisa Negri)

9:30 - 12:30 Interventi (12 minuti ciascuno, comprese le domande) - Slot 1

12:30 - 13:30 Pranzo

13:30 - 15:30 Interventi (12 minuti ciascuno, comprese le domande) - Slot 2

15:30 - 16:30 Incontro di Spoke


    IES Group provides a full multi-media turnkey service for companies across the energy and environment value chain to connect, exchange knowledge, learn and conduct business transactions.

    Via Anton Giulio Bragaglia, 33
    00123 Rome, Italy
    +39 06 30883030


    Download Sponsorship Brochure


    Request information

    I need more information about