MSW bags distribution and collection: An innovative and successful case study from the City of Bergamo

The City of Bergamo has an effective door-to-door separate waste collection system that has been active for many years: in 2010 it already reached a separate collection rate higher than 50% and, in 2015, Bergamo was the second Lombard capital city exceeding 65%. In 2020, the separated collection rate rose to 73%. Discover the secret to this success in this local case study from Bergamo.

  • Establishing the most suitable approach for the City of Bergamo? Is a ‘PAYT’ (Pay As You Throw) scheme the only way to meet EU standards?
  • The adoption, by the Municipality of Bergamo, of an innovative ‘KAYT’ (Know As You Throw) scheme, based on the usage of dedicated bags, supplied through a number of vending machines, where citizens can instantly check their consumption of waste bags
  • How Aprica, a waste management company, can collect and analyse data that can be helpful in assessing and modelling the habits of citizens to improve the service level
  • The results of the application of the KAYT scheme in the City of Bergamo show some evidence of positive feedback from the population, including higher levels of involvement and engagement amongst certain demographics. This also impacts the performance of the MSW system in terms of the sorted collection rate (+4%)

Gianluca Conforti, Head of Control, Performance Analysis and Contract Management, Aprica

Innovative new technologies and techniques for incorporating the principles of the circular economy into waste management

Production of waste is increasing, imposing the need for companies to find more innovative and efficient ways to manage it and the need for the society to find more sustainable solutions.
Overproduction of waste leads to increasing percentages of materials sent to landfill or to incineration. A superior design of materials, product, systems and business models would support the elimination of waste and facilitate restoration, through reuse and recycling of resources. The existence of innovative tools for circular waste management can broaden the opportunities for the entire sector and for finding sustainable solutions for waste. The development of innovative technologies for waste management is fundamental for putting the circular economy into practice.

  • The environmental and business problem: raw materials overuse and inefficient and nontransparent
    waste management
  • How the circular economy aims to solve this issue
  • Putting circular economy into practice: the Waste2Resouce Marketplace
  • Machine learning for better matchmaking among business partners
  • Auctions for waste: finding the right price
  • Solving the climate crisis through innovative new circular technologies

Simone Grasso, Country Manager, CYRKL Italy, CYRKL

IWE industrial water evaporators

Integrated multi-process circular economy solutions for the valorization of the liquid fraction of
digestate and the total recovery of resources in biogas or biomethane plants.

Pierluigi Berna, Marketing Manager, IWE

A national challenge with local solutions: Integrated waste management in the Berat region

This session will explore an integrated solid waste management project designed to increase the quality of municipal infrastructure services in the Berat region of Albania. The approach consists of four interrelated pillars that encompass the ISWM system in the following main areas of intervention:

  • What are the core institutional and organizational competencies required?
  • How can comprehensive planning be aligned and harmonized across all levels?
  • What is needed to motivate and sensitize the local community and how can they be involved and committed in the long term?
  • What short-term measures will improve the disposal of municipal solid waste on landfills that do not comply with the EU Landfill Directive?
  • And how can these results be embedded in the national policy dialogue on Integrated Waste Management in Albania?

Alba Dakoli Wilson, Deputy Team Leader, ISWM Berat Project, FLAG, Infrastruktur & Umwelt and Sehlhoff

Health and safety in the workplace and the importance of an adequate and specialized training

An introduction and overview of Assoreca’s guidelines for health and safety in the workplace

  • The concept of HSE training identified in Article 2 of Legislative Decree 81/2008 shows how the training itself must aim to modify the behaviour of those to whom it is addressed
  • HSE training, in practice, must be always consistent, adequate, continuous, specific and effective
  • Assoreca has drawn up specific guidelines to emphasize how HSE training is aimed at responding to learning needs in different areas: the cognitive area (‘knowledge’); the operational area (‘know-how skills’); the behavioural area (‘knowing how to act in the workplace’)
  • Adopting a common language and identifying a shared path; and adopting tools in compliance with regulations that are also efficient and user-friendly
  • Defining practices that are designed to protect the employer, managers and HSE managers; and defining a process which guarantees the accountability of training paths

Giovanni Finotto, Professor of Safety and Health, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice (Assoreca)

Angelo Merlin, Partner, Merlin & Tonellotto (Assoreca)

Lisa Pelenghi, Founder and Expert in Health and Safety, Soluzioni (Assoreca)

The “pay as you throw” pricing model

This session will illustrate how a pricing model for waste management as a service and not as a tax can be realized to help the environment, save money and make waste management more sustainable.

  • Why is it important to apply a ‘pay as you throw’ pricing model?
  • What is the problem we are expected to solve and the purpose we are trying to achieve?
  • Realizing a model of measurement that works
  • Which strategies are most suitable to which situations?
  • Which are the technologies and methods to be adopted and which should be avoided?

Pier Luigi Fedrizzi, CEO & founding partner, I&S Informatica e Servizi

Sweeping for a better future: Changing the way we clean our streets

Fossil-fuelled street sweepers are the biggest polluters in the fleets of a city’s maintenance vehicles. Cities consume 78% of the world’s energy and produce more than 60% of greenhouse gas emissions. It is estimated that one third of the emissions comes from traffic. Cities and facilities management organizations can play a big role in making our cities greener. This presentation will show how.

  • Modern street cleaning and waste management has to address not only the aesthetics, but also the finest PM dust and silica dust particles surrounding modern cities and industrial sites
  • To cut down the CO2 emissions of cleaning equipment, we need to rethink the technologies in use
  • A major aspect is also considering the noise pollution created in modern suburbs by cleaning technologies – often in excess of 100 decibels
  • More than electrification is needed for energy-cutting technologies
  • The need for an overall review of the effectiveness of the cleaning fleets we use

Antti Nikkanen, CEO, Trombia Technologies

Achieving a circular economy

The presentation will give an overview of the European waste market and the influence of European waste and energy policy, particularly on the direct impact on the way waste is managed.

  • What is the actual situation of municipal waste treatment in Europe and in Italy?
  • Which EU policies and directives are influencing the RDF and SRF market
  • What will be the effects of EU’s circular economy targets?
  • Surveying the Italian waste manegement landscape. What are the particular challenges faced and what are the solutions?

Geert Jan Pastoor, Executive Director & Owner, Pastoor Consult

Three years to go: Will we meet the targets for 2025?

2025 will be a critical date for the waste management industry and municipalities within the EU. The EU will be bringing in new recycling targets for all municipal waste streams; for example, the 50% recycling target for plastic packaging, measured using a new measurement point. In addition, mandatory separate collection for different waste streams, such as packaging, bio-waste and textiles will have to be implemented in real and concrete terms and not ‘only’ in legislation. This session will review and discuss efforts to prepare for such targets and review progress thus far.

  • Where do the various stakeholders currently stand vis-a-vis meeting the forthcoming targets?
  • Are the targets realistic in terms of them being met?
  • What are the challenges facing those implementing policies to meet the targets?
  • Are even more stringent targets in the pipeline?

Amanda Fuso Nerini, Head of International Affairs, CONAI (EXPRA)

David Lukac, Head of System Development Department, EKO-KOM (EXPRA)

Jaana Røine, CEO, Green Dot Norway (EXPRA)

Mario Schembri, CEO, GreenPak Co-op (EXPRA)

A concrete approach to the fashion industry and the circular economy

The fashion industry contributes heavily to pollution and environmental depletion. Less than 1% of textile waste is recycled, due both to the lack of guidelines and the presence of illegal systems of collection and disposal. This causes losses of more than $100 billion worth of materials per year. This presentation will give a brief overview of a state of the art textile waste management project in Italy, as a starting point for the implementation of virtuous solutions, based on modern technologies for waste categorization, collection, and recovery in a circular economy perspective.

  • Current waste disposal methods can be very expensive, not just in terms of monetary and
    environmental costs, but also in terms of missed opportunities for their optimization
  • The alarming state of current mass textile waste management in Italy
  • Developing cradle-to-cradle solutions and a B2B ‘circular’ marketplace
  • The contribution of AI and blockchain contribution. Moving beyond smart-sounding labels and
    tokenomics

Emanuele Bertoli, CEO and founder, Berbrand

Ermanno Camerinelli, Sustainability Specialist, Berbrand

The circular economy for hydrocarbon residues

This presentation will explore the treatment and recycling of hydrocarbon residues, and the potential for their inclusion in the circular economy to produce new fuels with a lesser environmental impact.

  • The oil industry and recycling
  • How innovative solutions can bring hydrocarbon fuel into the circular economy
  • The paradigm shift that will be necessary at state and industry level to speed up the transition
  • How to spread new solutions to less developed countries now (and not in 20 years)

Vincent Favier, CEO, Ecoslops